Language and Computation Courses

Introductory Courses

CCG and Linguistic Diversity

Mark Steedman and Cem Bozşahin

Week 1, August 3-7, 2020

Abstract:

The course covers developments in Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG) cross-linguistically regarding word order and asymmetries that arise from it. CCG is known for its account of unbounded constructions and their surface-compositional semantics, for coordination, and for its unorthodox definition of constituency.

In CCG, all language specific grammar is specified in the lexicon, andprojected from there onto the sentences of languages by a smallnumber of universal rules based on application and composition ofcontiguous typed constituents. All grammatical asymmetries such ascase-based differences in extractability must therefore be lexicallyspecified. The course shows that such lexicons can be specified foraccusative, ergative, partial and mixed case systems, which theuniversal syntactic component then projects onto the sentences of thelanguage. We address asymmetry in constructions cross-linguistically in adatabase of languages that provide a stress test in depth and breadthfor CCG and other formalism. The students can assess the new development indepth with respect to known CCG accounts and in depth and breadth toother proposals.

 

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32nd European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information - ESSLLI 2021
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