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Advanced mereology for linguists

Lucas Champollion

Week 2, August 10-14, 2020

Abstract:

This course develops a unified theory of cross-categorial similarities involving the count-mass, singular-plural, telic-atelic, and collective-distributive opposition. The basics of the theory and the notion of stratified reference are developed on Day 1. Day 2 is devoted to issues in the domain of measurement, such as the difference between 'thirty liters of water' and '*thirty degrees Celsius of water'. Day 3 is about differences within the class of collective predicates, as exemplified by the contrast between 'all the students gathered' and '*all the students were numerous'.

Day 4 reformulates distributivity operators, extends them to the temporal domain, and explains why indefinites in the syntactic scope of 'for'-adverbials tend not to covary. Day 5 is devoted to the crosslinguistic semantic differences between distance-distributive items such as English 'each' and German 'jeweils' and to the semantics of distributive determiners.

 

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32nd European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information - ESSLLI 2021
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